Transnational Theory and the State
Over at my other blog I quote from Dr. Robyn Magalit Rodriguez‘s new book on globalization, “labor brokerage”, and Filipina/o migrant workers (you can gain access to her current lectures at UC Davis here). Her work offers a critique of current scholarship on globalization (and hence postcolonial and transnational theory). Especially in the field of Filipina/o studies where a huge focus has been on ignoring the roles of nation states and class structures under the current flows of global capitalism and American imperialism.
Philippine international migration is emblematic of globalization. In describing the increasing mobility of labor, it is often Filipina and Filipino migrants that scholars refer to as a primary example of this phenomenon. To suggest that the Philippine state is crucial to an understanding of Philippine international migration, as I do here, therefore, it to make an important intervention in the scholarship on international migration. Much of the scholarship on international migration of late has tended to reify capital flows from “above” to undersand global labor flows or, in opposition to this scholarship, has examined globalization, specifically immigrant transnationalism from “below.” My research shows that the state plays a central role in both these processes, but just as importantly my research shows how the state links and mediates between these two processes through a case study of Philippine migration. I argue that the state is fundamental to globalization, just as importantly global processes constitute the state.